Growing Succulents 101: What You Need to Know 

To avoid root damage from soggy soil, choose a container with sufficient drainage. Terra cotta pots are popular because they enable airflow and moisture evaporation.  

Choose the Right Container 

Use a succulent or cactus-specific well-draining potting mix. You can also combine standard potting soil with perlite, coarse sand, or pumice to promote drainage.  

Use Well-Draining Soil 

Most succulents like indirect, strong light. Give them several hours of sunlight daily by placing them near a sunny window. Beware of direct sunlight, especially during the hottest portion of the day, which can scorch leaves.  

Provide Adequate Light 

Succulents thrive in droughts and need little water. Water thoroughly until water drains from the pot after letting the soil dry out. Instead of overwatering succulents, submerge them to avoid root rot.  

Water Sparingly 

Low humidity and warm temps suit succulents. Keep them out of drafts and excessive temperatures. Provide good air circulation around plants in humid conditions to prevent fungal diseases.  

Monitor Temperature and Humidity 

Succulents don't need much feeding, but you can periodically use a half-strength balanced, water-soluble fertilizer. Fertilize lightly to avoid plant harm.  

Fertilize Occasionally 

Growing succulents may outgrow their containers. When the roots get tight, repot them in larger pots with fresh soil. Repotting occurs in April before the growing season.  

Repot When Necessary 

Check for aphids, mealybugs, scale insects, powdery mildew, and root rot. Treat infestations immediately with natural or chemical therapies to stop them.  

Watch for Pests and Diseases 

Remove dead or damaged leaves and stems for healthy growth and illness prevention. You can grow succulents from stem or leaf cuttings to add to your collection or share with friends.  

Prune and Propagate 

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