Iris Flower Types and Facts You Should Know

Iris Flower Types and Facts You Should Know :- The Iridaceae family, which comprises some of the most well-known and diversified garden flowers in the entire world, is comprised of over 300 different plant species. The genus Iris is comprised of these plants. Throughout the spring and summer months, irises, which were named after the Greek goddess of rainbows, bring a splash of color to the garden.


Iris Flower Types and Facts You Should Know


It is possible to find an iris suitable for practically any garden due to the fact that there are numerous various varieties and colors available to pick from. The north temperate zone is where the majority of the genus’s variation may be found, despite the fact that some of the most appealing species of the genus are only found in the Mediterranean and central Asian regions.

Iris: Habitat

The vast majority of the species of iris may be discovered in the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere, ranging from Europe to Asia and all the way to North America. The plant is most commonly discovered in arid, semi-desert, or rocky terrain that is also chilly.

Iris flower: Physical description

A bulb or a rhizome, which is characterized by thick underground stems that grow upward, can be seen in iris plants. Species that have a rhizome often have a stem that is sturdy, horizontal, and surrounded by scars of leaf.


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In spite of the fact that it is deeply rooted in the earth, it frequently grows in areas that are completely exposed. In general, bulbs are produced by iris species that are native to the western region of Europe.

There are many leaf bases that sprout from this kind of short, conical stem, one within the other.
In most cases, the flowers feature three sepals, three petals, and three enormous stigma branches. These stigma branches act as a cover for the anthers, which are responsible for producing pollen.

Iris: Cultural significance

There is a Greek term that is the origin of the word “iris,” which is also the name of the Greek goddess of the rainbow, Iris. Eloquence is the meaning of the flower, and it is connected to the message that the Greek goddess brought to the world.


In addition, the Greek culture places a strong emphasis on the connection between irises and the afterlife. This is because the goddess is believed to accompany the deceased from earth to heaven, so directing them to their ultimate destination. As a result, irises were placed on the graves of those who had passed away.


In addition, the blossom is revered as a sacred object in Japanese culture because of the inherent cleansing qualities it possesses. It is a symbol that is frequently seen in kimono textiles, paintings, and haiku, which is a kind of poetry that originates from Japan.


When it comes to Chinese art, the iris is a representation of the merry mood of the beginning of summer. The petals of the iris flower are able to move readily in the wind, giving the impression that they are flapping like the wings of a butterfly.

Iris flower: How to grow?

Irises require a location that is exposed to direct sunshine and has soil that is able to drain efficiently.
Growth of the iris can be accomplished most successfully through the process of rhizome division.

It is possible that the germination rate for species plants grown from seed could be as low as fifty percent, and the flowering process could take anywhere from two to three years. Nevertheless, this method is an alternative.

After flowering, rhizomes can be planted at any time, between the middle of summer and the beginning of fall. It is recommended that compost be put into the top six inches of the soil after the soil has been loosened with a garden fork to a depth of twelve to sixteen inches.

To improve drainage, the mixture should be supplemented with coarse sand or perlite.
It is possible to grow new plants by dividing the roots between the middle and late summer, six to eight weeks after the flowering stage.

A knife that is clean and sharp can be used to cut rhizomes, or they can be pulled apart by hand. sections that are mushy, deteriorating, or show evidence of root borer infestation should be discarded; only sections that are sound should be selected.

If you want your iris rhizomes to produce the most flowers, you should plant them in a sunny location with soil that is rich and drains well.

Rather than totally burying the rhizome, you should allow some space between the rhizomes so that it can continue to grow. If you want to avoid root rot, you should make sure that the roots are covered, but you should leave part of the rhizomes alone.

Due to the fact that the rhizomes prefer sitting on top of the dirt and sunbathing there, the upper portion of the rhizome should be left exposed. Mulch is only necessary for an iris during its first winter, when it is being used to assist in the establishment of its roots.

Irises may be cultivated virtually anywhere, but in order for them to become dormant, they need to be exposed to a cold winter. During this time, they are able to store sufficient energy for the bloom that will occur the next year.

Generally speaking, iris gardeners want stems that contain at least seven flowers, but certain varieties can have as many as thirteen or fifteen flowers. In addition, certain irises are able to rebloom, which enables you to appreciate their breathtaking beauty later in the season.

Iris flower: Maintenance

Irises practically only need to be divided once every three to four years in order to be maintained with proper care. It is best to divide plants around one month after the blooming period has ended. It is important to provide plants with a sunny position and soil that drains well.

It is important to give enough of space between tall bearded kinds when planting them because these variety demand adequate air circulation.

The tops of the rhizomes should be exposed to the sun, and a little layer of mulch should be applied.
To protect against insects that survive the winter, you should prune the foliage in the fall.

Iris need five to six hours of full sun, but they can also grow in situations with little to no shade. If you live in a hot region, you should give great consideration to the positioning of the plant.

Put them in a location where they will receive a lot of sunlight, such as on the windowsill of your south-facing windows or on your balcony. Irises are able to flourish in any site that faces west.

Iris flower: Uses

Despite the fact that they were more common in ancient times than they are today, the rhizomes of the German iris and the sweet iris are traded as orris root and are used in perfume and medicine.

Even in modern times, aromatherapy continues to make use of iris essential oil (absolute) extracted from flowers as a sedative.

Whole dried rhizomes are also given to infants in order to alleviate the discomfort associated with teething.
Gins such as Bombay Sapphire and Magellan use orris root and, on sometimes, iris flowers to provide flavor and color. These ingredients are used in the production of these gins.

For the purpose of producing orris roots, iris rhizomes are harvested, dried, and then aged for a period of up to five years. A wide range of fragrant compounds that are valuable in perfumery are produced as a result of the dissolution and oxidation of the lipids and oils that are contained within the roots during this time period.

It is said that the scent is similar to that of violets. For the purpose of producing “iris butter,” often referred to as orris oil, which is a thick, oily substance that is utilized in perfumery, the mature rhizomes are subjected to steam distillation.

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