How To Grow Your Own Hops At Home

How To Grow Your Own Hops At Home: Growing hops at home can be rewarding for craft beer enthusiasts and homebrewers. Cultivating hops connects you to the brewing process and lets you try new hop varieties in your homemade beers.


How To Grow Your Own Hops At Home

This comprehensive guide will teach you everything you need to grow hops in your backyard or garden. Let’s learn about hop cultivation and improve your brewing game from choosing hop varieties to harvesting and using homegrown hops!


1. Selecting Hop Varieties

Selecting the right hop varieties for homebrewing is crucial before starting hop cultivation. Choose hop varieties based on climate, space, and brewing preferences.


Cascade, Centennial, Chinook, and Nugget hops are versatile and aromatic, making them popular for home cultivation.

Determine which hops suit your brewing goals and environment by researching each variety. Ask local homebrew clubs or nurseries for regional recommendations.


2. Preparing the Growing Space

After selecting hop varieties, prepare the growing space. Hops need sunlight, well-drained soil, and climbing supports.


Choose an area of your garden or yard with at least six hours of sunlight and water. To improve drainage and fertility, amend the soil with compost or organic matter.

Install a 15–20-foot trellis, arbor, or sturdy support system for the hops to climb. Plant hops near a fence or structure for support and airflow.


3. Planting Hops Rhizomes

Hop plants grow from underground stems called rhizomes, which produce roots and shoots. Hop rhizomes should be planted in early spring after frost.


Place the rhizome horizontally with the buds facing up in a 4-6-inch hole. Cover the rhizome with soil and water to settle the roots.

To promote airflow and growth, space hop plants 3–5 feet apart. As hops sprout, use twine or clips to help the strongest shoots climb the support structure.


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4. Caring for Hop Plants

Hops need regular care to thrive and yield well. Water hop plants deeply once or twice a week, depending on rainfall and soil moisture.


Check for aphids and powdery mildew and treat them organically if needed. Early spring and after the first flowering, fertilize hop plants with a balanced fertilizer.

Remove excess foliage and lateral shoots to increase airflow and reduce crowding. Guide hop bines clockwise around the twine or wires to climb the support structure during the growing season.


5. Harvesting and Drying Hops

Hop cones are ready for harvest when they are papery and filled with lupulin, the yellow-gold powder that gives hop flavor and aroma.


In late summer or early fall, harvest hops cones when fully mature but not dry. Avoid overhandling the hop bines and cones to preserve the lupulin glands.

Spread the harvested cones in a single layer on a screen or drying rack in a well-ventilated, shaded area. Air-dry the hops for 1-2 days until crisp and brittle, then store them in airtight containers in a cool, dark place until use.



Growing hops at home is a rewarding way to connect with the brewing tradition and grow a key ingredient for your homemade beers. Selecting the right hop varieties, preparing the growing space, and caring for the hops will yield abundant hops to enhance the flavor and aroma of your homebrewed beers. So get dirty and grow hops at home!

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