Attract Black Swallowtail Butterflies to Your Yard

Attract Black Swallowtail Butterflies to Your Yard :- The swallowtail butterfly is one of the largest and most beautiful butterflies that can be found in the state of Illinois. The presence of one in your garden is perpetually a source of joy and satisfaction.


Attract Black Swallowtail Butterflies to Your Yard

The provision of host plants for the caterpillars and nectar plants for the adults are the two most significant considerations to take into account if you want to attract swallowtails to your garden with the intention of attracting them.

Butterflies tend to lay their eggs on certain plants, which are referred to as host plants. Following the hatching of the eggs, the caterpillars consume these plants in order to nourish themselves until they pupate into the adult form of the butterfly.

Black Swallowtail Butterfly Facts

Butterfly known by its common name, the black swallowtail 2 3/4 to 3 1/4 inches in length of wingspan
The males have an additional band of yellow dots on their bodies, and the majority of their markings are black from above.

Additionally, their bodies are black and covered in rows of yellow spots. Blue patterns and orange eyespots with a black center can be found on the hindwings.  The term “habitat” refers to open spaces like gardens or marshes.


Also see :- How to Grow and Care for Kalanchoe, Indoors and Outdoors

The caterpillar is a bright green color with black stripes and spots that are either yellow or orange. Caterpillars that are at their youngest are almost all black, with a white patch on their backs and orange markings.
Celery, dill, parsley, sweet fennel, and caraway are the plants that serve as hosts.

Nectar from red clover, zinnia, and thistle is a favorite among adults while they are in the backyard.
At the bank of a pond, a black swallowtail butterfly (seen above) drank nectar from a clover plant growing nearby.

I am in awe of the vivid colors and the sharpness of the image in this photograph. Nancy Melton, a reader of Birds & Blooms, describes the day by saying, “It was a beautiful day to watch nature unfold.”

Eggs and Host Plants

My first experience with a black swallowtail butterfly occurred a few days ago, and I was so excited that I ran straight to my parsley bed to check on the butterfly’s eggs and see if it had laid any.

I tend to cultivate herbs primarily for the purpose of providing a host for butterflies, although the majority of people grow them for culinary purposes.

Celery, sweet fennel, caraway, parsley, and dill are some of the plants that black swallowtail butterflies, also known as Papilio polyxenes, lay their eggs on. They also deposit their eggs on common roadside wildflowers such as Queen Anne’s lace.

Simply planting a bed of these herbs in a sunny place is all that is required to attract this butterfly, which is one of the easiest butterflies to attract to your own backyard. Located on the leaves of the herb, the eggs are a beautiful small golden orb that is very easy to see.

Black Swallowtail Caterpillars

The eggs develop into little caterpillars that are black in color and have a white line all the way across the middle. Caterpillars are characterized by a mostly green coloration with black bands and yellow markings as they develop. In some circles, they are referred to as parsley caterpillars.

There are a lot of transformations that take place in the caterpillars of this species before they are ready to pupate. “Instars” is the term used to describe these several phases. From egg to chrysalis, the process takes around two weeks to complete.

The transformation of a chrysalis into a butterfly During the winter months, a black swallowtail will transform into a chrysalis (it is important to note that butterflies produce a chrysalis, whereas moths form a cocoon).

Due to the presence of a molecule that functions as antifreeze, it is able to withstand cold temperatures. After that, it matures into an adult by the time spring arrives, and the wait is always well worth it.

Where to Find Black Swallowtail Butterflies

Across a significant portion of the United States, including the region east of the Rocky Mountains and certain regions in the Southwest, black swallowtails can be found.

They are strikingly similar to a species that is abundant in the Southeastern region, the spicebush swallowtail. The herbs that they employ as host plants may have difficulty growing in the heat of the summer in the deep south, despite the fact that they fly throughout the entire year.

You can try to keep the herbs alive by watering them frequently and keeping them in partial shade. This will also encourage black swallowtails to visit the herbs.

According to Linda Carissimi, a reader of Birds & Blooms, “This bold black butterfly (above) felt special to me because it was one of the first butterflies I spotted that spring. “I like how the swallowtail stood on the clematis with its wings spread out,” the observer said.



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